Typical Behavior with Children Diagnosed with Autism or Similar Disorders- Parents & Nannies in Miami
Children with Autism. Elite Nannies On Call– a specialized nanny agency with branches in Miami-Dade, Broward, and the Palm Beaches, providing extraordinary nanny placement services, in addition to Full-Time, Part-Time and Short Term nanny placements at an exceptional standard of quality and reliability to private families, film industry clients and top hotels.
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Typical Behaviors of Children with Autism- A stereotypical behavior is a repetive motor behavior with no obvious purpose. These behaviors are common with individuals with an ASD disorder (Autism Spectrum Disorder). Many refer to them as “self-stimulating” behaviors as they appear to be motivated by something in the self. Stereotypical behaviors can interfere with learning and attending to tasks. Thus, it is important that parents of children with ASD or similar disorders seek professional assistance in treating them. In addition, they can also be a sign that something greater is happening in the body, such as illness or seizures.
Like tics, stereotypies are patterned and periodic, and are made worse by fatigue, stress, and anxiety. Unlike tics, stereotypies usually begin before the age of three, involve more of the body, are more rhythmic and less random, and are associated more with engrossment in another activity rather than premonitory urges. Examples of early tics are things like blinking and throat clearing, while arm flapping is a more common stereotypy. Stereotypies do not have the ever-changing, waxing and waning nature of tics, and can remain constant for years. Tics are usually suppressible for brief periods; in contrast, children rarely consciously attempt to control a stereotypy, although they can be distracted from one.
Children with Autism. The behaviors will often times occur for a few weeks and then disappear only to resurface later on. The following are examples of typical behaviors of children with autism:
- Handflapping, Wrist Ringing, and Figerflicking
- Gazing at items intensly and Holding Items Close to Eyes
- Extremes in Vocalizations, Crying and Laughing Uncontrollably
- Clenching and Grinding Teeth Repetitively
- Playing with Salava and Putting Fingers in Mouth
- Body rocking and Hopping and Bouncing on Bent Knees
- Spinning in circles and Fixated on Spinning Objects
- Sensory Fixations, Sniffing, Licking, and Feeling Items Repetitively
A complete understanding of the causes of stereotypical behaviors has yet to be discovered. Contrary to popular belief, these behaviors do not just serve a “sensory or self-stimulating” function. It is thought that these individuals do not get enough sensory input from the environment around them and, thus, with the behaviors are creating the additional input they seek. However, recent research demonstrates that these behaviors serve a variety of functions in addition to meeting an individuals sensory needs.
These behaviors may also serve as an escape from an instructional demand, attention from others and/or avoidance of social interaction, and to gain access to desired items and activities. The research also demonstrates these behaviors serve multiple functions instead of just one. Thus, the only way to understand the function of the behavior is conduct a functional analysis In addition, medical evaluations are necessary to rule out seizures and illness.
Elite Nannies On Call- a specialized nanny agency with branches in Miami-Dade, Broward, and the Palm Beaches, providing extraordinary nanny placement services, in addition to Full-Time, Part-Time and Short Term nanny placements at an exceptional standard of quality and reliability to private families, film industry clients and top hotels.
Rated Best Nanny Agency in Miami by CBS Miami http://miami.cbslocal.com/2012/04/06/best-babysitting-and-nanny-agencies-in-miami/
[highlight]Sources: Kennedy, C., Meyer, K., Knowles,T., Shukla,S.(2000). Analyzing the multiple functions of stereotypical behaviors. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33(4), 559-571; Muthugovindan D, Singer H. Motor stereotypy disorders. Curr Opin Neurol. 2009;22(2):131–6.[/highlight]